Although this term is almost universally disparaged in public discourse as a bad thing - often reflective of political polarization - some libertarians consider gridlock a positive way to prevent further government output that often favors crony capitalist interests.  Thus some libertarians see the ideal situation is one in which neither the Democrats nor the Republicans control the federal government so that gridlock becomes more likely.

Others, on both right and left, also raise the question of whether certain principles (e.g. issues of war and peace, or of constitutionality) might not be worth fighting for, even at the cost of shutting down the government.