Is gender determined by physical characteristics, inner feelings, or both? How you answer that question likely influences how you see and use this word "transgender."

Most progressives see transgender as a normal, value-neutral variation like skin color or height. From this perspective, transgender men (female body parts, but inner identification with masculinity) and transgender women (male body parts, but inner identification with femininity) ought to be openly accepted with this as their core identity. This calls for empathy for having a gender identity or expression differing from the sex that was determined or assigned at birth, and support for hormone replacement therapy, sexual reassignment surgery, and other strategies to reduce discomfort and align bodies more closely with their gender identity. Many also celebrate the idea of transgender identity, and say it helps to break down traditional ideas of gender that they say have oppressed and restricted millions throughout history.

In contrast, many conservatives believe internal feelings and experiences are not sufficient to determine human identity, and that physical factors ought to be given more weight. Scriptural teachings on gender are also highlighted, with many religious conservatives seeing transgender identity as a violation of two divinely ordained genders in the Bible: male and female. From this perspective, surgical interventions to change the body seem aggressive and harmful - especially when allowed for children. Some also see transgender identity as a psychological disorder; as the American Psychological Association did until 2012.

Whereas the first perspective sees a broader view of gender (not confined to the body) as helpful to the subset of vulnerable people with transgender feelings and effective in promoting a greater feeling of public acceptance, there is concern in the second perspective that teaching such a broader definition confuses youth at a time that is already confusing (puberty), while potentially encouraging permanent social or physical changes when kids are still trying to figure things out.

While supporters of this broader definition believe the benefits of helping this group of people better understand themselves outweigh any risks, opponents point to examples like a boy might enjoy something considered by his peers to “girlish," such as dancing or even being more empathetic to someone, being convinced he should identify as female.

Dialog Tips: 

-Ask someone what this word means to them?
-Read up on how others are using the word differently (two examples below - from different sides of the conversation).

Rod Dreher, “What Is Human?” The American Conservative, April 25, 2016.

Zack Ford, “APA Revises Manual: Being Transgender No Longer a Mental Disorder,”, December 3, 2012.


John Backman, Heidi Weaver-Smith, Jacob Hess

There is currently no content classified with this term.